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How to Take a Screenshot

How to take a screenshot of your computer screen is really easy.

How to Take a Screenshot Windows:

To take a screen shot of your computer screen following these steps:

In Windows there are a couple different ways to quickly take a screenshot. First there is the “Copy and Paste” method using the keyboard and an image editing program. Second there is the Snipping Tool, which is available in Windows Vista and Windows 7.

Copy and Paste Method:

  1. Press the Print Screen button on your keyboard to take a screenshot of your entire desktop, OR simultaneously press Alt-Print Screen to take a screenshot of the active window.
  2. Open an image editing program, such as Microsoft Paint. To open Microsoft Paint, click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Paint.
  3. Click inside the white part of the screen.
  4. Go to the Edit menu and select Paste.
  5. Click File > Save As.
  6. In the box that pops up, change the “Save As” type to JPG.
  7. After typing in a filename for your image, choose a location on your hard drive to save to, like the Desktop, and click the Save button.

Snipping Tool

  1. To open the Snipping Tool, click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Snipping Tool.
  2. The Snipping Tool window will appear on your screen. Don’t worry, it will disappear when you start dragging a selection area.
  3. Click and drag your cursor to select an area to copy. As you drag your cursor the selected area will be darker and surrounded by a red border.
  4. Release the mouse button and the captured area will open in the Snipping Tool window.
  5. Press the Save button (which looks like a disc) to save the screen shot as an image file. See the tips below for file format suggestions.

How to Take a Screenshot Mac OS X:

Mac OS X makes taking screenshots extremely simple.

To take a screenshot of your entire desktop:

  1. Simultaneously hold down the Command-Shift-3 keys.
  1. The screenshot is saved to your desktop.

To take a screenshot of an active window:

  1. Simultaneously hold down the Command-Shift-4 keys.
  2. Press the “Space Bar”.
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How-To: Change Your IP Address in Windows 7

Your computer’s IP address can be either static or dynamic. A static IP address is when a specific IP address has been assigned to a specific computer on the local network. A dynamic IP address is automatically or dynamically configured by the DHCP server. Whenever possible I recommend using a dynamic IP address with DHCP, if your network supports it. If you use a dynamic IP address with DHCP then you don’t have to change your settings if you move your computer to another location, and DHCP doesn’t require you to manually configure settings such as Domain Name System (DNS) and Windows Internet Name Service (WINS). To change your IP address in Windows 7 do the following:

1. Click the Start Orb .

2. Click Control Panel.

3. Find the “View by:” drop down box in the upper right corner of the Control Panel and do one of the following:

3a. If it is set to “View by: Category”, then click View network status and tasks.

3b. If  it is set to “View by: Large icons” or “View by:Small icons“, click Network and Sharing Center.

Both will lead you to the same screen.

4. On the next screen click Change adapter settings.

5. Right click on your network adapter and select Properties. This is usually named either “Local Area Connection” or “Wireless Network Connection”. The “Local Area Connection Properties” box will open.

6. Click the Networking tab. Under “This connection uses the following items”, click either Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4), or Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6), and then click the Properties button.

7a. To specify IPv4 IP address settings, do one of the following:

7a(1). To obtain IP settings automatically, click the radio button next to Obtain an IP address automatically, and then click the OK button.

7a(2). To specify an IP address, click the radio button next to Use the following IP address, and then, in the “IP address”, “Subnet mask“, and “Default gateway” boxes, type the IP address settings, and then click the OK button.

7b. To specify IPv6 IP address settings, do one of the following:

7b(1). To obtain IP settings automatically, click the radio button next to Obtain an IPv6 address automatically, and then click the OK button.

7b(2). To specify an IP address, click the radio button next to Use the following IPv6 address, and then, in the “IPv6 address”, “Subnet prefix length”, and “Default gateway” boxes, type the IP address settings, and then click the OK button.

8. To specify DNS server address settings, do one of the following:

8a. To obtain a DNS server address automatically, click the radio button next to Obtain DNS server address automatically, and then click the OK button.

8b. To specify a DNS server address, click the radio button next to Use the following DNS server addresses, and then, in the “Preferred DNS server” and “Alternate DNS server” boxes, type the addresses of the primary and secondary DNS servers, and then click the OK button.

9. To change DNS, WINS, and IP settings, click Advanced.

10. Click OK to close the “Local Area Connection Properties” box.

11. Right click on your network adapter and select Diagnose. This is to ensure that your new configuration is working properly.

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Dreamweaver CS3 Keeps Crashing After Time Change

Twice a year for seemingly no apparent reason Adobe Dreamweaver CS3 crashes randomly. Adobe has acknowledged that there is an issue when working with certain PHP or ASP files in Code view or Design view after the clock goes back one hour, when Daylight Savings Time ends. The crashes only occur when selecting certain lines in Code view, or selecting certain objects in Design view. The crashes only occur in files that have PHP or ASP code, intermingled with HTML code. The crashes do not occur in Dreamweaver 8 or earlier.

Adobe states that the Dreamweaver CS3 crashes occur after Daylight Savings Time ends, however I have experienced this issue both before and after the Daylight Savings Time change.

The reason Dreamweaver keeps crashing is that the WinFileCache-AD76BB20.dat file has been corrupted by the time change.

Here’s the solution to prevent Dreamweaver crashes:

  1. If Dreamweaver is open, quit the application.
  2. Delete the WinFileCache-AD76BB20.dat file from the Dreamweaver user configuration folder. Note that on Windows, the Application Data and AppData folders are hidden by default, so verify that your Windows Explorer folder options are set to View Hidden Folders. The location of this file is as follows:
    • For Dreamweaver CS3 on Windows Vista:
      C:\Users\[username]\AppData\Roaming\Adobe\Dreamweaver 9\Configuration
    • For Dreamweaver CS3 on Windows XP:
      C:\Documents and Settings\[username]\Application Data\Adobe\Dreamweaver 9\Configuration
  3. Restart Dreamweaver.

This has been an issue with Dreamweaver CS3 for some time now. I really hope that Adobe will publish an update for Dreamweaver CS3 that will fix this annoying bug.

[Dreamweaver CS3 crashes after Daylight Savings Time ends]

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How to Get A Business License in Alabama

Getting a business license in Alabama is a simple process. A business license for a Sole Proprietor can be obtained in just a few hours. Check out this step-by-step guide on how to get a business license in Alabama:

1. First you need to determine what type of legal structure, business, or type of organization is being established.

  1. Sole Proprietor – A sole proprietor is one individual who owns a company that is not incorporated or registered with the state as a limited liability company (LLC). Sole proprietors may or may not have employees. In a sole proprietorship: (1) The business does not exist separately from the owner. (2) The risks of business apply to the individual’s personal assets, including those not used for the business. (3) The sole proprietor reports business income on his or her individual tax return.
  2. Partnership – An unincorporated organization with two or more members is generally classified as a partnership for federal tax purposes if its members carry on a trade, business, financial operation, or venture and divide its profits. However, a joint undertaking merely to share expenses is not a partnership. For example, co-ownership of property maintained and rented or leased is not a partnership unless the co-owners provide services to the tenants. Partners can be individuals, corporations, trusts, estates, and other partnerships. Each partner contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the business. A partnership does not pay tax on its income, but “passes through” any profits or losses to its partners. Partners must include partnership items on their tax returns. Two common forms of partnerships are general partnership and limited partnership.
  3. Corporation – A corporation is a legal entity established by a charter granting it certain legal powers, rights, privileges, and liabilities. A corporation can be established by a person or group of people with a charter from the state’s secretary of state. After a corporation is created, it becomes its own entity and generally has an indefinite lifespan.
  4. Limited Liability Company (LLC) – An LLC is a structure allowed by state statute. An LLC is formed by filing articles of organization with the individual state’s secretary of state. Owners of an LLC are called members. Members may include individuals, corporations, other LLCs, and foreign entities. An LLC can be formed by one or more members, and there is no maximum number of members. There can be no more than one active LLC with the same name in the same state. For federal tax purposes, an LLC may be treated as a partnership or a corporation, or be disregarded as an entity separate from its owner. An LLC can also be organized as a professional limited liability company (PLLC) or a limited company (LC).
  5. Estate – An estate (or decedent estate) or succession is a legal entity created as a result of a person’s death. The estate consists of the real estate and/or personal property of the deceased person. The estate pays any debts owed by the decedent, and distributes the balance of the estate’s assets to the beneficiaries of the estate.
  6. Trusts – A trust is a legal entity that is created under state law and is taxed under federal law. The trust can be created to perform one act or a series of acts.
  7. Other – Visit if none of the above fit what you are establishing. There are several others to choose from, including tax-exempt and governmental organizations.


This could be the most time consuming step depending on the type of legal structure, business, or type of organization that is being established. I established a business as a sole proprietor without the need of legal counsel or filing additional paperwork. I highly recommend consulting a legal professional for this step.

2. Determine your 5 and 6 digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) numbers at The NAICS is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing, and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. business economy. It’s not required to have these numbers before continuing to the next steps, but you will need them later.

3. Apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN) Online at, cost $0. You will get your EIN immediately upon completing this application. However, if you are an unauthorized third party completing this application for someone else, although the IRS will issue the EIN immediately, it will only disclose the number, in writing, to the addressee.

4. Register for an Alabama State Sales Tax ID at, cost $0. You will receive your filing confirmation number and a printable copy of your submitted application upon completing this application. You will also receive an email confirmation and a paper copy within a few business days.

5. Register for a City and County Tax Account Number at, cost $0. You will receive an email confirmation and a paper copy within a few business days.

6. If you are starting a home based business you may be required to complete a Home Occupation Permit Application. Check with your local City Hall for the proper form and guidelines. I was able to obtain the form from the city’s website (

7. And finally, apply for your business license at the City Clerk’s office. You may be able to get the Business License application from the city’s website and complete it prior to arriving to save time. Be sure bring a copy of your EIN, Alabama State Sales Tax ID, City and County Tax Account Number, and Home Occupation Permit Application. The cost of the business license varies by municipality. Some municipality’s fees are flat fees and some are based on gross receipts.

This is the process that I used to get a business license in the city of Florence located in Lauderdale County, Alabama. This process may be similar for other counties in Alabama, and possibly other states. Contact your local City Clerk’s office for guidance and information on how to get a business license in your city and state.

Also, check out these search results on how to get a business license in Alabama.

Disclaimer: This article is provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. If you need legal advice, contact a lawyer.

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How to Extend Battery Life

longer-battery-lifeFor many people portable electronics are an indispensable part of their life and the link to the world around them. The battery is the lifeblood of portable devices–and without batteries, our favorite devices are useless. For this reason, and because they aren’t that cheap to replace–you should always try to extend the battery life of your favorite equipment. If you’ve never imagined that you could do this–then you may be surprised to learn that some of your habits may actually be killing your batteries. By taking the following easy steps you will add hours, days, weeks and sometimes years to the life of your electronics.

  1. Allow your battery to fully die once a month, or don’t charge it until you get a low battery warning on its screen. Cycling your battery this way will help keep the cells fresher longer.
  2. Avoid overheating your laptop. Don’t set your laptop on a pillow, your couch, or your bed while it is running, as the cushions will prevent proper ventilation and your computer’s interior temperature will rise dramatically. This will shorten the life of the battery very quickly.
  3. Don’t leave your valuable electronics exposed to high levels of heat. This includes the inside of your car on a summer’s day. Try to use your cell phone or iPod after it has sat in your sweltering car all day, and you may discover that it will no longer hold more than a 10-minute charge.
  4. Similar to heat, extreme cold (anything below 40 degrees) can also shorten the life of your batteries. If you forget your device in your car in the dead of winter, allow it to come to room temperature before turning it back on.
  5. If you have older devices that you just don’t use as often, but don’t want to get rid of, use them at least once a month. If the device is left unused, over a period of time, the battery will become stagnant and need to be replaced.

[via eHow]

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How to Fix a PC Stuck on “Acquiring Network Address” or “Renewing Your IP Address”

I recently ran into a problem with a wireless network card getting stuck while acquiring a network address. I would get constant messages like “Acquiring Network Address” or “Renewing Your IP Address”. But it would seem to get continually search for, but never acquire a network address or renew the IP address.

I did all the basic stuff like updating the wireless card driver, unplugging and plugging stuff back in, right clicking and selecting Repair in Windows XP and click Diagnose and Repair in Vista. But until I performed the steps below nothing worked.

Here’s the procedure that finally fixed it for me.

  1. Unplug the cable/DSL modem.
  2. Unplug the wireless router.
  3. Wait 60 seconds, then plug in the modem.
  4. When the modem is completely online, plug in the wireless router.
  5. On the PC, open a command prompt.
    1. On Windows Vista, click the Windows Orb, type “cmd.exe”. When “cmd.exe” appears under Programs, right click it and select “Run as administrator”.
    2. On Windows XP, click Start, Run, type cmd, click Ok.
  6. Once you have a command prompt, first type “ipconfig /flushdns”.
  7. Next, type “ipconfig /release”.
  8. Then, type “ipconfig /renew”.

Now I can connect to my secure wireless network with no problems. No more “Acquiring Network Address” or “Renewing Your IP Address” for me.

Your setup may differ, but the process should be similar. If you find any other solutions please post them in the comments below.

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Kodak CX4300 Camera Needs Service E10 Error

I bought my Kodak EasyShare CX4300 digital camera several years ago and during that time it has been a fairly good camera. My only complaints until now are (1) the time it takes between when it is turned on and when it’s ready to take a picture and (2) the grainy digital zoom. It was our family’s primary digital camera until earlier this year when we bought a Sony CyberShot DSC-H5 digital camera. Now the CX4300 has been designated as my “Geocache camera”.

Recently my Kodak EasyShare CX4300 digital camera started displaying the error “Camera Needs Service E10” whenever I turned it on. After doing some research it appears that is has been a problem for several EasyShare models since at least 2004. The Kodak EasyShare CX4300 online manual does not list the “Camera Needs Service E10” error. As a matter of fact, the only place that I could find where Kodak mentions the E10 error code on their website is under Kodak Digital Science DC50 Zoom Camera troubleshooting. There Kodak lists the solution as “Take the camera to your dealer for service”.

This is an old camera and I really don’t want to spend the money to have it serviced. I would rather take that money and apply it toward the purchase of a new “Geocache camera”.

However, I have found a solution for the “Camera Needs Service E10” error that works for my camera.

  • Turn the unit on and off until the error is cleared.

This is the only thing that will clear the E10 code on my CX4300. Sometimes I only need to turn it on and off once before the code is clear, other times it may take several tries. But once it does finally boot up, it works without any further problems.

Here are some other suggestions that I found online to fix the “Camera Needs Service E10” error:

  • Replace the batteries. Try the following methods: (1) take the batteries out with the unit powered off and/or (2) open the battery door when the “Camera Needs Service E10” error is displayed.

This suggestion did not completely fix my camera, but with fully charged batteries the error did appear less often. Kodak recommends using only the following Kodak branded batteries: Rechargeable Ni-MH Batteries, Oxy-Alkaline Digital Camera Battery, CRV3 Lithium Batteries, Ni-MH Rechargeable Battery Pack. They also state: “do not use alkaline batteries in EasyShare cameras because they may cause unexpected shutdowns and loss of pictures”.

  • Press firmly and hold the “OK” button.

Try this (1) while the unit is booting up or (2) when the “Camera Needs Service E10” error is displayed.

  • Remove (or replace) the optional SD memory card.

This suggestion did not work for my camera.

  • Update the unit’s firmware.

The only problem with this suggestion is their is no firmware update available, according the CX4300 section of the Kodak website.

These suggestions worked for some and didn’t for others. They didn’t work for my camera. The only common thing to these suggestions was that the unit was turned on and off during the process. So I’m left wondering if the suggestions worked or was turning it on and off the real solution?

Yes, I know this is an old camera, but hopefully this article will be useful for others experiencing the “Camera Needs Service E10” error with their Kodak EasyShare digital cameras.

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How to Reset a Forgotten ZoneAlarm Internet Security Suite Password

I recently had a client who installed ZoneAlarm Internet Security Suite over a year ago and used the built-in password protection to keep the settings from getting changed. But now they forgot the ZoneAlarm password, meaning that the program settings cannot be changed or the program cannot be un-installed.

The only way to remove or reset a forgotten ZoneAlarm Internet Security Suite password that is forgotten, corrupted, or will not work is to delete the database files associated with TrueVector.

Please note that deleting the associated database files will remove your ZoneAlarm Internet Security Suite permissions and Trusted Zone settings.
Follow these steps to reset a forgotten ZoneAlarm password:

1. Shut down the computer.
2. Reboot into Safe Mode.
3. Click “Start” then “My Computer”
4. Go to “C:\Windows\Internet Logs”
5. Delete all files that have the extensions .RDB, .LDB, or .TMP.
6. Empty the Recycle Bin.
7. Reboot the computer

This process will remove the ZoneAlarm Internet Security Suite password. You can create a new password or just leave it blank.

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Create Your Own Wall Size Posters

Have you ever wanted to create your own wall size poster? Now you can with The Rasterbater.

Using the Rasterbator you can create huge rasterized images from any picture or photo. You can upload an image, print the resulting multi-page pdf file, and assemble the pages into an extremely cool looking poster up to 20 meters in size.

The Rasterbator is very easy to use. You can use the online version or download the program to your hard drive. Using The Rasterbator requires that you have Adobe Flash Player (ver. 7 or higher) and a pdf viewer such as Adobe Reader.

Here’s a photo and a poster that I created from it.

Joshua - Original Photo Joshua - Raterized

From start to finish it took about 30 minutes to print and assemble. The poster is five pages (8-1/2″x11″) wide and 3 pages tall. I really rushed the assembly because I was trying to get it finished before Holly got home from work. That’s why you can see some gaps between the pages and the glossy tape. My printer doesn’t do border-less printing, so it left a small border that I had to trim away. To get a cleaner look I could have taped it from the back. My printer also left white horizontal gaps, not sure if it was the cartridge or the printer itself.

I would love to see any posters that you create from this program. Post a link in the comments or email a photo.

Visit the Rasterbator homepage to use the online tool or download the program. Check out the Raterbator gallery for some really cool user submitted posters.